Andalucia has long and varied human history.

The region has a rich culture and a strong identity. Many cultural phenomena that are seen internationally as distinctively Spanish are largely or entirely Andalucian in origin. These include flamenco and, to a lesser extent, bullfighting and Hispano-Arabic architectural styles, both of which are also prevalent in other regions of Spain.

Andalucia's physical and geographical characteristics are consistent with those of pasturelands and other grasslands that can be used for extensive grazing, and covers districts with particular features that distinguish it from other geographical areas: geophysical characteristics and soils, climate, rainfall, hours of sunshine, native flora and fauna and pastoral products. The area contains plains and peneplains with an altitude of 200-800 m / 656-2,624 ft, surrounded by mountain ranges of varying heights and the foothills of the mountain systems, with major ranges.

Iberlambs promotes Andalucia's Merino Lamb, with due certification. The name derives form an Imazighen tribe, the Marini (or in Spanish, Benimerines), who intervened in the Iberian peninsula during the 12th and 13th centuries.(when Andalucia was under Muslim rule). The Merino is one of the most historically relevant and economically influential breeds of sheep